Neuro-ophthalmology is a subspecialty within ophthalmology.
The different eye conditions that affect the brain and the eyes include -
3. Myasthenia Gravis
5. Optic Nerve Atrophy (Optic Nerve Damage)
There is no set time or age when pediatric neuro-ophthalmologic disorders occur. It differs from child-to-child. In some cases it appears at birth, while in some others, it appears in early or late childhood.
Neuro-ophthalmologic disorders cripple normal development and visual function in infants and children. Symptoms of diseases that affect the brain and eye connection vary from each other.
Symptoms of neuro-ophthalmologic diseases include -
4. Unexplained Vision Loss
Small children may not be able to describe symptoms that they experience. Hence, when you or your child's pediatrician begins noticing problems, you must take your child to a pediatric ophthalmologist at the earliest.
During the diagnostic procedure, the pediatric ophthalmologist will perform a thorough and careful examination of your child. This is important for a valid and accurate diagnosis of any pediatric neuro-ophthalmologic disease.
The doctor will look into your child's medical history and previous medical reports. Optical and brain imaging techniques are used during diagnosis.
As part of the eye exam, your child may have to undergo several tests which include -
6. MRI Scan
Depending on the diagnosis, your child's doctor will recommend the best-suited treatment to correct your child's neuro-ophthalmologic disorder.
Treatment will depend on the eye condition that your child has and would include the following -
In case surgery is required your child's pediatric ophthalmologist may recommend traditional or minimal invasive surgery for to help treat the problem.
Not treating neuro-ophthalmologic disorders can lead to severe consequences. Therefore, if you notice symptoms in your child, get your child eyes checked at the earliest.